Warehouse Kitting 101: Process, Benefits & More

Warehouse kitting is the process of packing individual products that complement each other into a single package, then selling the pack together as a “kit”.

This inventory technique offers several benefits in the warehousing industry, from reduced shipping and packing costs to space optimization and more.

We’ll share all you need to know about kitting in a warehouse, including the step-by-step process and how our automated solutions can help further streamline warehouse operations.

What is Kitting in a Warehouse? 

Kitting in a warehouse, also known as warehouse kitting, is the process of packing individual yet related stock-keeping units (SKUs) into a single package and shipping them as a kit.

Kitting in a warehouse allows you to improve picking efficiency, cut picking costs, save warehouse space and more.

Kitting vs. Bundling 

While the terms kitting and bundling are often used interchangeably, there’s a stark difference between the two.

Kitted items are individual yet complementary goods that are packed into a single kit and are sold as one unit.

Examples of kitting include:

  • A box of several books
  • A phone charger, case, screen protector, and earbuds packed into one box
  • A gaming console, controllers, and other freebies such as discs and headphones packed into one box

On the other hand, bundling is a broad term used to describe the process of packing several SKUs together, regardless of whether they complement each other.

A warehouse employee scans a new SKU number
Kitted items form a new stock-keeping unit (SKU) number

Benefits of Kitting in a Warehouse 

From maximizing existing warehouse space to preventing overstock, here are five reasons why kitting in a warehouse is paramount to streamlining warehouse operations.

Warehouse Kitting: save space

Saves Warehouse Space

Warehouse space is at a premium. In the United States, it can cost up to $8 per square foot in 2021 alone.

When you consolidate individual products into kits, you can optimize space in warehouse facilities and distribution centers by storing goods together. This saves floor space and eliminates the need to move to a bigger warehouse.

Pro tip: Need more space-saving ideas? Read our guide to organizing your warehouse to maximize your warehouse space!

Warehouse kitting: Reduce Travel Time

Reduce Travel Time

Part of a warehouse employee’s day-to-day activities is locating and picking items in the facility.

With pre-assembled kitted goods, operators aren’t required to locate and pick multiple SKUs when an order comes in.

Warehouse operators just pick the kitted products, with the help of picking aids, then head to the shipping area, resulting in a much faster and more efficient picking.

Warehouse Kitting: benefits

Cuts Shipping and Packing Costs

Shipping can be costly, and it’s only set to rise. One solution? Utilizing warehouse kitting to minimize shipping costs.

Warehouse kitting allows you to ship multiple items in one package (compared to frequently shipping individual items), saving you shipping space and reducing materials costs like package fillers and packing tape

Warehouse Kitting: benefits

Improves Sales Revenue

Whether it’s a travel kit full of essentials or buy one, get half off on a shampoo and conditioner set, kitted items can turn even the most logical consumer into a giddy shopaholic.

In fact, a study by the University of London found that consumers are most likely to purchase a BOGO deal when seeing the word “free,” even when they only need one of the bundled items.

Warehouse kitting allows you to boost sales and increase your customer’s average order value (AOV) — a metric that monitors the average amount spent.

Warehouse Kitting: benefits

Offload Slow-Moving Inventory

Do you have slow-moving inventory sitting on your warehouse shelves?

Whether it’s miscalculated consumer demand or ineffective marketing, slow-moving goods can result in overstocking (and expired perishable goods!) which can hurt your overall profitability.

With warehouse kitting, retailers can sell slow-moving inventory when bundled with popular, fast-moving items.

(Speaking of inventory, read our blog about warehouse inventory management best practices!)

The Kitting Process in a Warehouse

So how does kitting in a warehouse work exactly?

1. Determine Which SKUs Go Into the Kit

First, identify your goals to determine which individual items will be kitted.

  • Do you want to improve sales revenue or meet seasonal demands? Kit products that are typically purchased together.
  • Do you want to increase your customer’s average order value? Kit new products together with fast-moving items.
  • Do you want to prevent overstock? Offload slow-moving items by kitting them with more popular, fast-moving products.

2. Identify Who Will Assemble the Kit

Your warehouse operators can either pre-assemble the kits, or you can outsource the assembly and kitting services to a 3PL provider that will ship and label the final SKU.

3. Assign a New SKU

Next, your warehouse operators assign a new SKU number to the kit to monitor sales and inventory. Instead of tracking each individual product SKU, you’ll only track the kit’s SKU number moving forward. This simplifies and streamlines the labeling and tracking process.

4. Pick and Assemble the Kit

Here’s where your warehouse operators locate the SKUs needed to pack the kit.

Picking aids such as barcode readers and picking carts can help them navigate their way around the facility to locate the accurate picking areas. Once the individual goods are picked, operators can pre-assemble the kits, which will then be ready for storage.

If your warehouse is automated, operators can utilize automated storage and retrieval systems to help store and batch-pick multiple kits into totes or bins.

5. Ship the Kits to Customers

Once orders are received, your warehouse operators can ship kitted items as a single order to your customers, reducing lead time, cost, and mistakes.

The Warehouse Kitting Process
The Warehouse Kitting Process

How to Automate the Kitting Process With Modula Solutions

While kitting in a warehouse can help you save valuable space, prevent overstock, and more, warehouse operators must manually navigate multiple storage aisles and pick individual goods to form a kitted order.

This manual approach to warehouse kitting is tedious, labor-intensive, and can be prone to human mistakes — which is where we come in.

At Modula, our cutting-edge automated solutions transform your material handling and streamline your warehouse kitting, thanks to advanced storage, picking, and inventory management systems.

An efficient fulfillment process increases company profit and customer satisfaction.

Let’s dive right into our solutions.

1. Modula Vertical Lift Modules

Say goodbye to low-density static shelving that wastes floor space and requires employees to travel through warehouse aisles.

Enhance warehouse kitting by allowing operators to find and receive individual SKUs easily.

A simple touch of the intuitive Copilot controller or scan of a barcode allows inventory to be delivered to your warehouse operators so they can pack kitted inventory faster.

Available in three models, our automated vertical lift modules are easy to use and built using a space-saving design.

  • Modula Lift: Our most popular vertical lift module. The Modula Lift can dramatically reduce your space requirements by up to 90% while boosting picking speeds, efficiency, and accuracy.
  • Modula Slim: The most compact vertical lift module available on the market. The Modula Slim utilizes the same next-level storage technology as the Modula Lift, but in a much smaller footprint.
  • Modula OnePick: A fully automated solution with no warehouse operator required. The Modula OnePick is built with conveyors, belts, and other systems — ideal for eCommerce, self-service, and automated warehouses.

See the Modula Lift in action:

MODULA LIFT: Innovative Vertical Warehouse Storage System

Modula vertical lift modules allow you to reduce labor and operational costs and receive kitted inventory automatically, with the user-friendly Copilot controller.

Think Vertical

Warehouse Consolidation

2. Modula Horizontal Carousels

If you’re working in a low ceiling environment, our Modula horizontal carousels are the ideal solution when you need efficient and accurate high-speed picking.

Store your kitted items on bins mounted on an oval track that rotate horizontally. Inventory will then be delivered to your warehouse picker automatically.

See the Modula Horizontal Carousel in action:

Modula HC for the US Market: Horizontal Carousel for Efficient Picking

Modula horizontal carousels allow you to reconfigure shelf spacing for your kitted items to meet seasonal demands. In addition, you can improve your picking accuracy by up to 99% with our visual aids, such as Put to Light Systems and barcode readers.

Think Horizontal

3. Modula Warehouse Picking Order Solutions

Pair your AS/RS with our picking solutions to ensure that your kitted items can be accurately located and picked at all times.

Whether it’s reducing warehouse picking errors or meeting seasonal demands, our Modula picking order solutions can boost your picking efficiency and accuracy.

Easy to install and intuitive to operate, our warehouse picking order solutions are ideal for improving your batch and multi-order processing.

See our order picking solutions in action:

Modula presents the new picking solutions to automate and speed up warehouse operations

Our Modula Warehouse Order Picking Solutions include:

4. Modula Warehouse Management

Monitor and track your kitted inventory whether on-site or on the go.

At Modula, we provide a wide array of next-level remote support, warehouse management and analytics solutions.

Easy to set up and use, our Modula warehouse management solutions can seamlessly integrate with your existing ERP, MRP, WMS and DMS platforms.

See our warehouse management solutions order picking solutions in action:

MODULA WMS: Easy Warehouse Management Software for Boost Productivity

We offer two Warehouse Management System solutions:

  • Module WMS Base: Ideal for thriving warehouses or scalable warehouse footprints
  • Modula WMS Premium: End-to-end warehouse management solutions

Our Advanced Modula WMS solutions offer

  • End-to-end inventory monitoring and control
  • Unrivalled picking and replenishment accuracy and efficiency
  • Unparalleled automation, dramatically reducing labor-intensive paper and manual processes

Wrapping Up on Kitting in a Warehouse

To recap, kitting in a warehouse is the process of packing individual yet related goods into a single package and shipping them together as a kit.

The kitting process in a warehouse can be manual or automated. When efficiently executed, the kitting process can save you time and money by reducing the need for individual packaging and assembly.

In order to streamline the kitting process, items are pre-assembled by warehouse operators and are typically stored in bins that are clearly labeled.

At Modula, we provide automated storage and retrieval systems, picking solutions and warehouse inventory management solutions to streamline the kitting process, and automate warehouses across the country.